Statistics for teen dating
GDLs had reduced deaths among teenage drivers in New Zealand, Australia and Canada, where versions of the system exist.
The first long-term study to investigate the benefits of each licensing stage was conducted in 2002 in Nova Scotia.
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teens.
Immaturity and lack of driving experience are the two main factors leading to the high crash rate among young people ages 15-19.
In 1996 Florida became the first state to enact a GDL law. History: To control the problem of young drivers accounting for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle crashes, each state has adopted one or more elements of a graduated drivers license (GDL) system.
Graduated licensing requires a more rigorous learning period before granting young people between the ages of 15 and 18 a drivers license with full privileges. Stage 1 (learners permit) requirements and recommendations include a vision test, a road knowledge test, driving accompanied by a licensed adult, seat belt use by all vehicle occupants, a zero BAC level, and six months with no crashes or convictions for traffic violations.
In California, Massachusetts and Virginia passenger restrictions have reduced crashes among 16-year-old drivers.
A March 2008 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report found that when there were multiple passengers in vehicles driven by teen drivers, the crash risk was three to five times greater than when driving alone; the risk was greatest for the youngest drivers (age 16 and 17).
The reduction was from 0.88 to 0.61 in Massachusetts and from 1.41 to 1.10 in Virginia.
Earlier studies by the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and State Farm, the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety and the National Institutes of Health also found that restricting passengers lowered the numbers of crashes and other behaviors such as speeding.
Teenagers are involved in more motor vehicle crashes late in the day and at night than at other times of the day.
Teens also have a greater chance of getting involved in an accident if other teens are present in the vehicle, according to research from the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and State Farm.