Radiocarbon dating benefits
There has been much debate about what stood in these holes: the consensus for many years has been that they held upright timber posts, but recently the idea has re-emerged that some of them may have held stones.
Within and around the Aubrey Holes, and also in the ditch, people buried cremations.
Two studies published last year looked at how giving psilocybin, the active ingredient in “magic mushrooms” to terminally-ill cancer patients affected their levels of anxiety and depression.
Both studies found a significant improvement in the patients’ outlook, and indicated that it helped them come to terms with the disease and with their own mortality.
About 64 cremations have been found, and perhaps as many as 150 individuals were originally buried at Stonehenge, making it the largest late Neolithic cemetery in the British Isles.
In about 2500 BC the stones were set up in the centre of the monument.
Those suffering from the disorder are often frequently on edge and can experience depression and anxiety as a result of the trauma, as well as be susceptible to violent or emotional outbursts and have trouble connecting with those closest to them.In the early Bronze Age many burial mounds were built nearby.Today, along with Avebury, it forms the heart of a World Heritage Site, with a unique concentration of prehistoric monuments.At this time, when much of the rest of southern England was largely covered by woodland, the chalk downland in the area of Stonehenge may have been an unusually open landscape.It is possible that this is why it became the site of an early Neolithic monument complex.