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Use of the material for scholarly and academic purposes with due acknowledgment is welcome. The name Lanka, used in the Epic chronicles, was adopted in to Prakrit with the addition of a leading vowel which could be "a, e, (h)e, or i".
Thus the form Lanka → Helanka හෙලංකා appears in Sinhala Prakrit (language of the common people) as the abbreviated form Hela, හෙල.
The Portuguese had captured most of the Western maritime provinces as well as areas near Gokanna, i.e., Trincomalee (named Triquillemele in De Queyroz) and Madakalapuwa, i.e., Batticaloa (Battacilow in William Broedelet's 1692 map).
The Portuguese Captain Major Philippe de Oliveira had captured the Northern peninsula (Jaffnapatuna) and its ruler Sankilli-II ( Cankili Kumaran) in 1619 CE.
Subsequent names, e.g., 'Ceilao', "Ceilan", `Ceylam', Ceylan', Zeilon, and Ceylon are adapted from "Serendib". The Frenchman Sier Sanson's 1652 map uses 'Ceylan'.
The Dutch map of 1681 uses the name Ceylon and Conde Uda to refer to the kingdom of Kandy (Conde).
`Andra- Tamil' (andara demala, Telegu) was a language of Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe's court, and as many as 1/3 of the Adigars (Chiefs) signed in Andra-Tamil.
Rajasinha himself is presented as a cruel `Malabar Ruler' in the treaty.
These kingdoms were governed by Yuvarajas (Viceroys) to whome power was delegated by the King.
This is further clarified by noting that eighteen countries are mentioned in early Tamil literature, clearly distinguishing "cinkalam" from "Tamlaak(h)am", viz., cimkaḷam, conaakam, cā vakam, cīṉam, tuḷuvam, kutakam, konkanam, kanna-tam, kollam, telin(g)kam, kalin(g)kam, vaṅkam, kaṅ- kam, makatam, kaṭāram, kavuṭam, koklam, tamilakam; சிங்களம், சோனகம், சாவகம், சீனம், துளுவம், குடகம், கொங் ;கணம், கன்னடம், கொல்லம், தெலிங்கம், கலிங்கம், ;வ ங்கம், கங்கம், மகதம், கடாரம், கவுடம், கோசலம், தமிழகம்.
The early Pali writings of Sri Lanka also mention similar names for kingdoms located in the subcontinent.
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