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The name Taprobana is attributed to Megasthenes in the 4th century BCE.
Ptolemy's map used the name Taprobane, establishing that in the 1st-2nd century CE the country was known to the West as Taprobane.
The Jaffna Peninsula was finally recaptured in 1921 from Sinhalese rule by the Portuguese General Constantino de Sa de Noronha.
These kingdoms were governed by Yuvarajas (Viceroys) to whome power was delegated by the King.In this the Portuguese were supported by low-caste tamils who had been converted to Christianity already during the co-habitation of Sankili-I with the Portuguese.However, Mudliyar Attapattu who had been dispatched by the King of Kandy (Senerat) with an army of 10,000 defeated the the Portuguese soon after, as documented then by Joao Ribeiro and more recently by Tikiri Abeysinghe, (Jaffna under the Portuguese ISBN 955-1131-70-1).The Romans used names like Salendiv (Cerendiv) closely related to the Greek name Salaka.Arab traders (circa 7th century) used the name Serendib.